- A judge's decision to hold a criminal
defendant for trial.
- A lawyer's written statement of a
client's case filed in court. It usually contains a summary of the facts in the case, the pertinent laws, and an
argument of how the law applies to the facts supporting the client's position.
proof - The duty to establish
a claim or allegation by admissible evidence. This is usually the duty of the plaintiff in a civil case and always
is the duty of the state in a criminal case.
- The unlawful breaking into or entering
of a building or dwelling with the intent to commit a serious crime or theft.
- C -
calendar - A court's list of cases for arraignment, hearing,
- The heading or introductory clause of
papers connected with a case in court, which shows the names of the parties, name of the court, docket number of
the case, etc.
- The law made by courts interpreting
cases and laws as opposed to law made by legislatures. In the American system, the primary sources of law are 1)
constitutions, 2) statutes/regulations, and 3) case law.
action - A claim in law in
fact sufficient to justify a legal right to sue.
certification - Generally used to refer to the process of
transferring a minor's case from the Juvenile Court to the adult court for trial. Usually reserved for capital or
first degree felonies or for chronic offenders.
certiorari - See writ of
challenge to the
array - Questioning the
qualifications of an entire jury panel, usually on the grounds of partiality or some fault in the process of
summoning the panel.