judgment - Postponing the
effect of a judgment already entered.
- A willful attempt to illegally inflict
injury on or threaten a person.
risk - In tort law, a defense
to a personal injury suit. The essence of the defense is that the plaintiff assumed the known risk of whatever
dangerous condition caused the injury.
record - Attorney whose name
appears in the permanent records or files of a case.
- B -
bail - In criminal cases, a sum of money posted by or on
behalf of a defendant to guarantee his appearance in court after being released from
bond- An obligation signed by
the defendant, with sureties, to secure his/her presence in court;
bondsman - A person who posts
bail in exchange for a fee, usually 10 percent of the total bail.
- A court officer whose duties are to
keep order in the courtroom and to have custody of the jury.
syndrome (B.C.S.) - Physical
condition of a child indicating that external or internal injuries result from acts committed by a parent or
custodian. Also termed Parent Infant Trauma Syndrome (P.I.T.S.).
- Actual physical violence, whether
serious or minor, inflicted on a person. (A mere threat is called assault, whereas the completed act is called
trial - Trial without a jury
in which the judge decides the case.
warrant - An order issued by
the court for the arrest of a person.
beyond a reasonable
doubt - Entirely convinced; in
a criminal case the defendant's guilt must be proven to the jury to this extent. This is the highest burden of
proof any party has in any proceeding