extradition - The surrender by one state to another of an
individual accused or convicted of an offense outside its own territory, and within the territorial jurisdiction of
writ - A writ, often issued by
an appellate court, making available remedies not regularly within the powers of lower courts. They include writs
corpus, mandamus, prohibition and quo warranto.
- F -
false arrest - Any unlawful physical restraint of another's
personal liberty, whether or not carried out by a peace officer.
pretenses - Representation of
some fact or circumstance which is not true and is calculated to mislead, whereby a person obtains another's money
absolute - The most complete,
unlimited form of ownership of real property.
- A felony is a major crime for which the
maximum imprisonment is more than one year in a state correctional institution. The court may also impose a fine.
Felonies are classified into four categories: capital, 1st degree, 2nd degree, and 3rd degree.
- A person who has assumed a special
relationship to another person or another person's property, such as a trustee, administrator, executor, lawyer, or
guardian. The fiduciary must exercise the highest degree of care to maintain and preserve the person's rights
and/or property which are within his/her charge.
Amendment - Among other
rights, the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees that a person cannot be compelled to present
self-incriminating testimony in a criminal (or juvenile) proceeding.
- A sum of money paid as part of a
penalty of conviction for a particular criminal offense.
hearing - A hearing held in
Juvenile Court to determine the fitness of a minor for retention in Juvenile Court, and the minor's amenability to
Juvenile Court resources. Must be held before any evidence is heard on a petition for detention. Such a hearing is
a prerequisite to transfer of a minor's case to adult court. Also called certification hearing.