Safety and Health (OSH) Act is administered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Safety and health conditions in most
private industries are regulated by OSHA or OSHA-approved state programs, which also cover public sector
employers. Employers covered by the OSH Act must comply with the regulations and the safety and health standards
promulgated by OSHA. Employers also have a general duty under the OSH Act to provide their employees with work
and a workplace free from recognized, serious hazards. OSHA enforces the Act through workplace inspections and
investigations. Compliance assistance and other cooperative programs are also available.
The Longshore and
Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (LHWCA), administered by ESA's Office of Workers Compensation Programs
(OWCP), provides for compensation and medical care to certain maritime employees (including a
longshore worker or other person in longshore operations, and any harbor worker, including a ship repairer,
shipbuilder, and shipbreaker) and to qualified dependent survivors of such employees who are disabled or die due
to injuries that occur on the navigable waters of the United States, or in adjoining areas customarily used in
loading, unloading, repairing or building a vessel.
Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act is a compensation program that provides a lump-sum
payment of $150,000 and prospective medical benefits to employees (or certain of their survivors) of the
Department of Energy and its contractors and subcontractors as a result of cancer caused by exposure to
radiation, or certain illnesses caused by exposure to beryllium or silica incurred in the performance of duty,
as well as for payment of a lump-sum of $50,000 and prospective medical benefits to individuals (or certain of
their survivors) determined by the Department of Justice to be eligible for compensation as uranium workers
under section 5 of the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act.
Employees' Compensation Act (FECA), 5 U.S.C. 8101 et seq., establishes a comprehensive and exclusive workers'
compensation program which pays compensation for the disability or death of a federal employee resulting from
personal injury sustained while in the performance of duty. The FECA, administered by OWCP, provides benefits
for wage loss compensation for total or partial disability, schedule awards for permanent loss or loss of use of
specified members of the body, related medical costs, and vocational rehabilitation. The Black Lung Benefits Act provides monthly cash payments and medical
benefits to coal miners totally disabled from pneumoconiosis ("black lung disease") arising from their
employment in the nation's coal mines. The statute also provides monthly benefits to a deceased miner's
survivors if the miner's death was due to black lung disease.