malpractice - A lawsuit brought against a professional person,
such as a doctor, lawyer or engineer, for injury or loss caused by the defendant's negligence in providing
- A writ by which a court commands the
performance of a particular act.
manslaughter - A person recklessly causes the death of another, or
acting under extreme emotional disturbance, causes the death of another, or acting under circumstances when a
person reasonably believes the circumstances provide a legal justification or excuse for his conduct constitutes
evidence - Evidence which is
relevant to the issues in a case.
- Literally, "guilty mind." The intent
required to commit the crime. One of the two basic requirements, along with the guilty act (actus reus) which
constitute a crime.
rule - The rule, pronounced in
Miranda v. Arizona, that confessions are inadmissible in a criminal prosecution if the police do not advise the
suspect in custody of certain rights before questioning. The rights include:
a. The right to
remain silent and to refuse to answer any questions;
b. The right to know
that anything the suspect says can and will be used against the suspect in a court of law;
c. The right to
consult with an attorney and to have an attorney present during questioning;
d. The right to have
counsel appointed at public expense, prior to any questioning if the suspect cannot afford counsel.
misdemeanor - A minor offense, lower than a felony, which is
punishable by a county jail term of up to one year and/or a fine, but not prison. Misdemeanors are classified into
three categories: Class A, B, and C.
- A trial which is void because of some